Question 1 (1 point)
Which nutrient contains the most calories per gram?
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Question 2 (1 point)
Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids are considered
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Question 3 (1 point)
Which is a fat-soluble vitamin?
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Question 4 (1 point)
Which type of research study compares disease rates among population groups, and attempts to identify related conditions or behaviors?
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Question 5 (1 point)
Which is not a “red flag” of inaccurate or exaggerated science?
Question 5 options:
recommendations made to help sell a product
recommendations that promise a quick fix
recommendations from a peer-reviewed journal
simplistic conclusions drawn from a single study
Question 6 (1 point)
6.The starches and sugars found in grains, vegetables, legumes, and fruits are
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Question 7 (1 point)
A research study is said to be double-blind if
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a change that reflects the participants’ expectations is observed
the subject knows that he/she is receiving two treatments during the experiment
neither the subjects nor the investigators know which study group is receiving the placebo
the placebo has two possible effects on the study group
Question 8 (1 point)
One example of a chemical in food that is not a nutrient is
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Question 9 (1 point)
The six classes of nutrients in foods are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water
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Question 10 (1 point)
The study of how different foods can interact with genes to alter a person’s risk of developing a chronic disease is called nutrigenomics
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Question 11 (1 point)
Described as a set of people being studied to evaluate the effect of an event, substance, or technique
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Case control studies
Question 12 (1 point)
Proteins are organic compounds made of smaller building blocks called
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Question 13 (1 point)
Substances in plants that may possess health-protective effects, even though they are not essential for life
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Question 14 (1 point)
In a study of how vitamin E may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, one group was given a placebo, and the other group was given vitamin E supplements. The group that received the placebo was the
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Question 15 (1 point)
Protein, fat, and ___________ are the macronutrients.
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Question 16 (1 point)
The _____ are the maximum levels of daily nutrient intakes that are unlikely to pose health risks to almost all individuals in the group for whom they are designed
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Tolerable Upper Intake Level(s)
The Recommended Daily Allowance
Estimated Average Requirements
Question 17 (1 point)
The nutrient intake level estimated to meet the needs of 50% of the individuals in a life-stage and gender group is known as
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Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (ULs)
Adequate Intake (AI)
Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)
Question 18 (1 point)
What components of a food label can help consumers compare the amounts of nutrients in a food to the amount of that nutrient that is recommended for consumption each day?
Question 18 options:
Upper Tolerable Limits
Recommended Dietary Allowance
Question 19 (1 point)
Which nutrient is not required to be posted on the Nutrition Facts panel?
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some selected vitamins such as vitamin A and C
Question 20 (1 point)
Percent Daily Values (%DV) represent a _______ calorie/day diet.
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Question 21 (1 point)
Ingredients on food labels should be listed in order of
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highest concentration to lowest concentration
carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
descending order by weight
fats, carbohydrates, and proteins
Question 22 (1 point)
Health researchers have discovered links between diet and high blood pressure, cancer, and heart disease
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Question 23 (1 point)
Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes have all been linked to over nutrition
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Question 24 (1 point)
Compared to a baked potato, French fries are more nutrient dense.
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Question 25 (1 point)
What best describes the term balance as part of menu planning
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selecting a variety of foods at each meal
selecting foods that are high in calories only at one meal
planning more of a plant-based diet
consuming enough, but not too much from all of the different food groups
Question 26 (1 point)
Foods high in nutrient density are those that provide substantial amounts of vitamins and minerals and relatively few calories
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Question 27 (1 point)
The following is an example of a health claim:
Adequate calcium and vitamin D along with regular exercise may reduce the risk of osteoporosis
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Question 28 (1 point)
The following are all examples of a nutrient content claim for a “free food” on a food label- fat-free, bug-free, sodium –free and calorie-free.
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Question 29 (1 point)
Vitamin C prevents scurvy is an example of a structure/function claim.
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Question 30 (1 point)
The three types of claims allowed on a food label or dietary supplement are nutrient content claims, health claims and cures of disease claims
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Question 31 (1 point)
A food that may provide a health benefit beyond basic nutrition is known as a
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Question 32 (1 point)
What best describes a short-lived, highly reactive chemical that can have detrimental effects on cells?
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Question 33 (1 point)
A substance continually produced in our cells that, over time, may cause damage to DNA and other important cell structures is known as a
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Question 34 (1 point)
Substances in plants that help resist the attacks of bacteria and fungi, the ravages of free radicals, and increased levels of ultraviolet light from the sun are
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Question 35 (1 point)
Substances added to foods for a specific purpose are called _____________.
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Question 36 (1 point)
Calcium-fortified orange juice, breakfast cereal fortified with folic acid, and yogurt with live active cultures are all examples of
Question 36 options:
foods enhanced with functional ingredients
examples of regulatory issues for functional foods
examples of indirect additives
all of the above are true
Question 37 (1 point)
The therapeutic use of herbs and other plants to promote health and treat disease is called
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Herbal therapy (phytotherapy)
Question 38 (1 point)
Lycopene is commonly found in
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Question 39 (1 point)
True or False? Garlic contains sulfur compounds that may increase heart disease risk.
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Question 40 (1 point)
True or False? Phytochemicals are complex plant chemicals that are essential for human life.
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Question 41 (1 point)
True or False? Structure/function claims must be based on a food’s nutritive value.
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Question 42 (1 point)
True or False? Health care professionals often discourage moderate nutrient supplementation for people with elevated nutrient needs.
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Question 43 (1 point)
True or False? Phytochemicals help neutralize free radicals.
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Question 44 (1 point)
True or False? Dietary supplements can include vitamins, minerals, animo acids, carotenoids, bioflavonoids, and probiotics.
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Question 45 (1 point)
True or False? Under FDA guidelines, a functional food’s label may have a nutrient content claim, health claim, or structure/function claim.
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Question 46 (1 point)
True or False? A structure/function claim describes the link between a nutrient and a deficiency disease, and can base claims on their own review and interpretation of the scientific literature
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Question 47 (1 point)
True or False? Like food labels, supplement labels have both mandatory and optional information
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Question 48 (1 point)
True or False? Excesses of some nutrients can create deficits of other nutrients.
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Question 49 (1 point)
Soybeans and soy products are a good source of the two isoflavonesdaidzein and genistein.
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Question 50 (1 point)
Two useful questions to ask when you visit a health information Web site are:
1) Who runs the site?
2) Why have they created the site?
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